new year resolutions for the skin

Any time is a good time for  new goals and why not… a new you!

Maybe you had in mind giving yourself a pick me up by changing your skincare regimen or a new haircut but kept on slacking and putting it off for a later date.

So, why not stepping up now, get inspired by some healthy habits, make yourself feel awesome and as a bonus, scores some high points on your confidence level.

  1. DO A SKINCARE CLEAN UP

How many products do you have in your bathroom that you purchased and then, ended up hidden in the back of the cabinet because you didn’t like the smell, made you breakout,  didn’t do anything… the reasons can be endless but the pile of old do nothing products is not! So, dig into your bathroom cabinet and throw away those products that are expired and you know you won’t use again. This will give you more space and allow you to organize better the skincare that works and you want to use regularly.

  1. CONSUME MORE SKIN FRIENDLY FOODS AND ADD SUPPLEMENTS THAT SUPPORT THE SKIN FROM WITHIN

The nutrients of the food that you consume are distributed throughout your body and absorb by the organs and tissues. Your vital organs take priority like the heart, the liver etc. so, if your diet is not abundant in fruits, veggies and other essential nutrients; the skin, although it is the largest organ of the body, is left deprived of necessary nourishment to irradiate the so desired healthy glow.

Great skin starts with great nutrition!

A balanced diet is the first step to a luminous, healthy complexion, but adding some extra help with supplements is always a good idea… why not benefit directly from a boost of nutrients that support and protect the skin and your health.

RESVERATROL extracted from the skin of grapes helps to reduce inflammation, protects the brain and the heart and has incredible anti-aging benefits.

GREEN TEA is high in polyphenols that fight oxidative damage, increases metabolism and energy levels and improves mental clarity.

PROBIOTICS…good bacteria promote a healthy digestive tract and a healthy immune system aiming in body detoxification which contributes to a flawless complexion

COLLAGEN… . it’s important to understand that a supplement cannot replace the collagen that we lose as we age but it offers great support to the soft tissue repair, build up and maintenance.

B COMPLEX … B complex can transform dull-looking skin into a radiant glow, but  vitamin B’s deficiency can cause acne, excessive dryness, wrinkles, make your skin more sensitive to sunlight, rashes, and uneven skin tone.

Vitamin B12 may help to regulate your skin’s production of MELANIN  (pigment)  and also helps your body absorb iron, fundamental to maintaining strong, healthy nails.

Niacin and panthenol also known as B3, B5 have become skin favorites for their ability to improve your skin’s capacity to retain moisture – helping  dryness and making the skin feel softer and smoother.

Biotin, B7 is a powerful supporter for the maintenance of healthy skin, hair and nails

OMEGA 3….. I call it the internal moisturizer. It lubricates tissues, regulates oil production to boost hydration delaying the skins aging process preventing the formation of lines and wrinkles. It helps inflammatory skin conditions like acne, rosacea, eczema and psoriasis, also provides nourishment to the hair follicles to make the hair strong and healthy.

  1. USE SPF EVERYDAY EVEN ON CLOUDY DAYS

Today, there are no more excuses for not using a sunscreen. The old days of funny smells and thick textures are gone and now you can find spf protection in makeup, powders, etc… the options are many! It’s a no brainer and a must do if you want to preserve your looks for years to come.

Sunscreen protects your skin from ultraviolet radiation that harms the skin causing:  sunburn, breaking down collagen and elastin, damaging healthy cells and even being able to cause skin cancer.

Even on a dark cloudy day your skin is vulnerable to sun damage, make sure to select a broad spectrum sunscreen to be covered from UVB and UVA rays. UVB rays are the ones that can cause sunburn, so we are normally more attentive to those because we can see the reddening of the skin.

However, UVA rays are invisible to the naked eye and produce detrimental damage to the cells accelerating the aging process of the skin causing wrinkles and elasticity loss called photo-aging.

  1. STOP RESTING YOUR CELL PHONE ON YOUR FACE WHILE YOU SPEAK

Cell phones have become indispensable in our everyday life. It is even hard to count how many times we use it during the day… but resting your cell phone on your face regularly after you have touched it with your hands or rested it on dirty places is a big acne culprit and common cause of infections and rashes now days.

I have seen cases where only the side where the person uses the phone presents acne lesions while the other facial areas a totally acne free. Clean and sanitize your phone regularly and be aware of where you place it. Try as much as you can, not to rest it directly on your skin when you talk to avoid transferring bacteria.

  1. ESTABLISH A WEEKLY ME TIME SKIN ROUTINE

Not only your skin will thank you for it but you deserve a little time to relax and release stress.

In addition to cleansing, exfoliate the skin and do a facial mask. Exfoliating the skin removes dead skin cells that make your skin dull and clog the pores; it also prepares the skin to absorb better the nutrients of the other skincare products. After exfoliating apply a facial mask.

Choose one based on the condition of skin at the moment, for example : a collagen mask if you need hydration, a vitamin C mask if you need to add radiance,  a clarifying mask if you are fighting breakouts  and so on. The skin changes regularly so make sure to have at hand several different options.

Follow your mask with a good serum and a moisturizer for a complete home facial treatment.  This skin ritual will not only help you get rid of congestion build up but also conditions and adds extra nutrients to boost the results of your regular skin routine.

I wish you a wonderful new year!

Thank you very much for being here.

Until next time,

Dora Salazar.

Medical Aesthetician

Founder of Zkin Fix Skincare

 

Woman showing how to keep skin looking young and healthy

You may be surprised to know that all skin types need the same essentials.

That’s right. Even with great genetics on your side, the skin becomes the result of lifestyle and good care.  And when followed regularly, a good skincare routine will Keep your skin looking young and healthy. So, what are the steps considered the golden rules for optimum skin care?

Either you are dry, oily, combination, normal etc. no matter what skin type you have, these fundamental steps are necessary to achieve a more youthful complexion.

-Cleansing

-Toning

-Exfoliation

-Stimulation

-Nourishment

-Protection

But let’s get to the heart of each of them to define their purpose and the benefits that they provide for the skin.

CLEANSING & EXFOLIATION

 

A woman cleansing her face a gloden rule in skin care

Finding the right cleanser is more important than you think but it can be a very difficult task.

The ideal cleanser helps remove oil, grime and makeup without causing excessive dryness or leaving the skin feeling greasy or sticky. It helps your face recover a more invigorated appearance and prepares it for the next steps of your skin regimen. But how to choose the correct one when they come in all shapes and forms; from creams and oils to soap bars and pads.

—Well, as you can see — this is not a one fits all kind of product.

But here are some good tips to sort out among the crowded options and select one that can benefit your skin.

  • First, look for a cleanser that is formulated for your skin type.
  • Preferably, select sulfate-free cleansers, specially sodium lauryl sulfate.

It is a harsh surfactant that strips the skin of essential lipids leaving it dry and dehydrated.

  • Avoid fragrances including some essential oils, drying alcohols, and mineral oil. These can have negative effects acting as skin sensitizers causing irritation, clogging pores and other problems.

Keep in mind that unless there is a special situation, there is no need to cleanse your skin more than twice a day. Over cleansing the skin can provoke more problems like exacerbating oil production in oily skin or producing flakiness or dry patches on dry skin.

Let’s now talk about exfoliation.

Exfoliating the skin is a must do step when you are looking for radiant skin.  It removes dead skin cells allowing better absorption and efficacy of your skin care. Also encourages the exposure of new cells which perform better and look healthier giving your skin a more youthful glow.

However, it is a skin care step that must be looked at carefully.

The skin contains a protective barrier that serves as a shield to guard it from harmful chemicals, bacteria, environmental factors and to maintain healthy levels of moisture and hydration.

Over-exfoliating the skin can cause many problems, including:

-Skin Sensitivities

-Inflammation

-Breakouts

-Distended blood vessels

-Over production of sebum (Skin natural oils)

-Dehydration

-Excessive Dryness

How often to exfoliate the skin, depends on your skin type. Oily and combination skin do well at exfoliating more often like three or even 4 times a week in some cases. While dry and sensitive skin types do better with just once or twice a week.

TONING

Toners have been considered a staple step in the skincare routine. They were created mainly to finish removing the residue that cleansers used to leave behind on the skin and to re-balance the skin’s pH because cleansers originally were very harsh and some, too heavy and greasy. But since cleansers have come a long way and do a better job at cleansing the skin and many more are found nowadays with a balanced pH; this step is considered many times: optional.

However, I find it to have many skin benefits when you choose the correct one.

Water is a great way to increase penetration and absorption of other ingredients, so toning the skin will better the performance of your other skincare products. However, avoid using toners that contain drying alcohols even when you have acne-prone skin. Those will only cause more harm than good to the skin.

Instead choose toners containing good ingredients. Take advantage of this step in your routine to introduce specific ingredients and target skin issues such as acne, hyperpigmentation, dull skin, sensitive, or dry skin etc.

Here are some examples of well-known ingredients you want to look for in toners, according to the skin concern:

Skin Dullness: Vitamin C, lactic acid, glycolic acid

Hyperpigmentation: Vitamin C, kojic acid, lactic acid, glycolic acid, mandelic acid

Sensitive skin, Rosacea: aloe, allantoin, rose, calendula, chamomile, comfrey, green tea

Acne: Salicylic acid is best. Glycolic also helps. A combination of both is optimum.

Dry skin: Sodium PCA, Panthenol, aloe, rose, marshmallow, vitamin E

STIMULATION

Stimulation is a golden rule of skin care

If there is a word that describes keeping your skin looking young is this one.

As we age, the skin becomes sluggish and its normal renewal processes slows down considerably. So, stimulating in different ways for example: a facial massage or utilizing technology like LED, Micro-current, rollers etc, increases circulation promoting better oxygenation and nourishment of the tissues and helping to remove toxins. Overall it makes the skin work more efficiently. It’s like a work out to keep it fit and healthy.

NOURISHMENT

 Good skincare with selected ingredients can transform the skin.

A woman applying zkin fix anti-aging serum

In this step, it is important to give the skin all the nutrients that it needs to fight daily challenges and to treat and repair cell damage.

Nourishment can be found in many forms in skincare products.

The common purpose of moisturizers is to hydrate the skin. Hydration is an important element in all skin types and you can provide it to the skin by means of creams, lotions, gels or serums, according to your skin type.

Be aware to find a moisturizer that is compatible with your skin type. Avoid using heavy creams if you have acne prone skin. And if you have dry skin, stay away from products containing drying alcohols or other drying ingredients that can aggravate dehydration.

If you are looking to correct a skin issue, intense nourishment or the most effective way to keep your skin looking young, serums are the way to go, they give you an in-depth form of treatment to achieve more accurate results. They are concentrated formulations aimed to target specific skin concerns such as: anti-aging, acne, rosacea, hyperpigmentation, flaccid skin, dehydration, dull skin etc.

The main purpose of serums is to deliver active ingredients deep into the skin. They have great absorption power providing fast results, which is why they are a fantastic addition to any anti-aging or corrective skincare routine.

PROTECTION

sun protection a golden rule in skin care

None of the above will make sense if you don’t protect your skin with a good SPF. The sun damages skin cells and speeds up the signs of aging like uneven pigmentation, poor elasticity, distended capillaries and lines and wrinkles needless to say the high risk of skin cancer.

Use a well formulated sunscreen daily rain or shine. This step will help you protect the skin and prevent future damage.

 

***ALWAYS CONSIDER that everyone’s skin is unique and the skin changes constantly, so changes in the skincare routine should also made as the skin shows different needs.

Thank you very much for being here,

Until next time.

Dora Salazar

Medical Aesthetician

Founder of Zkin Fix Skincare

 

“Natural” does not always mean “gentle.”

Lately, I have seen a lot of information recommending to apply lemon juice on your face. It is important to know the risks and if you apply it how to do it correctly to avoid negative side effects, including burns or hyperpigmentation.
The fame of lemon as a skin brightener comes from lemon juice containing vitamin C (ascorbic acid), well known for making the skin look more radiant.
However, lemon juice also contains citric acid and malic acid. With a low pH ranging between  2 to 3, it is way more acidic than your skin normal pH which about 5.5. creating an exfoliating action.
Acids need to be treated with care because they can cause a lot of damage to the skin if you don’t handle them properly. Although a few drops in a mask can be helpful for its astringent and clarifying properties, I am not an advocate of using pure lemon juice directly on the skin, especially if you have sensitive skin. It can cause rashes and irritation and the skin becomes more vulnerable and sensitive to the sun.
Also, it’s not a good idea to apply lemon juice on your face in the morning, you will run a huge risk of getting hyperpigmentation when your face gets exposed to daily sun light. Another important thing to know is that citric acid is an alpha hydroxy acid; therefore, it needs to be neutralized. So, if you use lemon juice make sure to rinse it off with water thoroughly to bring the pH back to normal and stop the exfoliating effect. I have seen cases where people had been drinking beer or tequila shots with lemon by the pool or the beach and the lemon touching the hands or the mouth when left on the skin and in contact with the sun caused terrible burns.
If you decide to use it, treat it as an acid and always use a well formulated sunscreen with an spf 30 or higher to protect the skin.
However; keep in mind, that daily use can cause too much exfoliation and eventually incur in hypersensitivity and irritation creating post inflammatory hyperpigmentation.
If your concern is dark spots or dull skin, there are many effective skin brighteners, — yes, including vitamin C,—  but blended into skincare formulations like serums or moisturizers for example, that are safer to use and better tolerated than  pure lemon juice. These are known as tyrosinase inhibitors, tyrosinase being an enzyme that is fundamental in the production of melanin. So, by controlling the production of this enzyme the melanin or pigment of the skin becomes lighter.

Some of the best tyrosinase inhibitors are :

  • Kojic Acid
  • Azelaic Acid
  • Arbutin
  • Licorice Extract
  • Mulberry Extract
  • N-Acetyl Glucosamine

Always keep in mind that everyone’s skin is different and what worked for someone else might not be the best for you. Another thing to consider is that not all natural ingredients are gentle, it is important to do some research before applying something new on your skin, and if in doubt, do a patch test first on the side of your neck and wait 24 to 48 hours to determine if it is suitable for your skin.

Thank you very much for being here.

Until next time,

Dora Salazar

Med. Aesthetician

Disclaimer:

The article above represents my personal opinion and it is intended for educational purpose only.