Collagen supplements are booming claiming to give you back glowing skin and to combat aging. Are they worth a try?

Collagen is the most abundant protein in the body. It is a polypeptide containing different types of amino acids such as: glycine, proline, glutamine and arginine, it forms part of all connective tissues in the body: skin, cartilage, bone etc. It makes the skin look smooth and supple and helps to maintain its elasticity.

As we get older the production of collagen decreases causing volume loss in the skin contributing to the formation of lines and wrinkles and thinning of the skin. By the time a woman reaches menopause, she would have lost approximately 30% of the collagen.

However, not only age affects collagen production, other unhealthy lifestyle and environmental habits such as: UV light, smoking, stress, pollution and poor nutrition contribute to the declining of collagen levels too.

Because collagen plays an important role as one of the vital proteins in the aging process, its supplementation has gained high popularity in the beauty market promising glowing skin and to improve skin texture and the appearance of lines and wrinkles.

To what extent is this true?

Let’s get a little deeper.

Firstly, it is important to understand that the body does not absorb the collagen directly. It must break it down into smaller particles which then, it must convert them into biodegradable amino acids that can be used as a natural source to reinforce the body’s own collagen production.

Opinions among experts are diverse as if collagen supplements indeed help to make the skin look younger. There are no many studies that confirm their benefits and most studies are provided by the manufactures.

However, there is some evidence that suggests that taking a collagen supplement can aim your body to produce more collagen by providing essential amino acids.  Some people report seeing an improvement in the appearance of lines and wrinkles, skin elasticity and hydration. 

Results don’t occur overnight though, it can take some time of regular use to see a noticeable difference and it is necessary to continue with the supplementation to maintain the results.

Some experts debate the benefits of these supplements arguing that because collagen is a protein which needs to be broken down during digestive processes, there is very little evidence that there will be enough quantities readily available to reach the skin making a remarkable difference.

But for the little evidence that is out there, I believe that is worth at least a try if it doesn’t hurt you.

Many people for lack of time or lifestyle habits don’t follow a diet with appropiate nutrition to provide the body with what it needs to increase the production of this protein considered an essential in the search of rejuvenation, so supplementation has its place in these cases.

I am a person that has a very healthy lifestyle and yet I have noticed a difference in my skin when I have taken certain collagen supplements. Not all of them though.

Because collagen is a protein, it can be hard to digest for some people, myself included. So it is a matter of trying different ones to see which one agrees with you the most. Prices in supplements also vary extensively among the different brands and manufactures.

Some products can be very costly. Also, it’s important to understand that these supplements are not replacing the benefits of a healthy diet; seemingly, they can add health benefits not only for the skin, but for also for hair and joints and other connective tissues.  They can be used to boost the supply of essential amino acids to prompt your body to produce more collagen.

However; if your preference is to go for the “all natural approach”, you will be glad to know that these amino acids can also be found in healthy foods.

One food that has taken great popularity recently is “bone broth”, rich in minerals and other healthy compounds including… 

— You guessed it : “collagen”.

Other vitamin that is in very high demand is vitamin C, a co-factor of collagen. The body uses vitamin C to produce collagen.

Therefore, foods like fruits and vegetables containing high amounts of vitamin C are essential to maintain healthy collagen synthesis.

Sugar, on the other hand, is detrimental for the skin because it triggers a process called “glycation” in which glucose molecules adhere to proteins such as collagen in your body forming new molecules called AGEs. These AGEs molecules degrade collagen and elastin, causing them to get rigid and lose elasticity.

A healthy diet rich in protein and nutrients continues to be the most reliable source to give the body what it needs to maintain adequate collagen production.

Collagen Boosting Foods:

  • Healthy fats
  • nuts
  • bone broth
  • fish
  • chicken
  • eggs
  • protein-rich grains
  • red and orange vegetables
  • dark greens
  • citrus
  • berries and avocados.

Practice good lifestyle habits like:

  • Adequate sleep
  • exercise
  • good hydration 
  • relaxation
  • avoid stress, smoking and alcohol, simple sugars and carbohydrates.

The great news is that we have control of how we age.

Like Janey Lee Grace said:

“Getting older is inevitable but ageing is optional!”


Thank you very much for being here.

Until next time,

Dora Salazar

Medical Aesthetician

Founder of Zkin Fix Skincare



Other interesting readings:

What is the Normal Aging Process of the Face & How to Stay Looking Young by Dora Salazar

Collagen Supplements For Better Skin? By Holistic guru Dr. Weil

The Truth on What Collagen Really Does for Your Skin, Hair, and Bone Health

BY ALEXA ERICKSON / Reader’s Digest

24-Week study on the use of collagen hydrolysate as a dietary supplement in athletes with activity-related joint pain.

11 Collagen Boosting Foods

Products that I have tried

Neocell Marine Collagen with hyaluronic acid & vita-mineral youth Boost

Bulletproof Collagen protein

Liquid Biocell Skin by Modere

Great Lakes Collagen Hydrolysate


What you need to know about Botox

Botox is an injectable solution that helps to relax the muscles of the face, neck, and even hands, allowing the partial elimination of wrinkles resulted from aging and other factors.

However, even with all the information about Botox, there are few things that you may not know.

So, if you are planning to go under this procedure, it’s better to know all the different options that it offers because reducing the look of  wrinkles is just one of its uses.   Are you ready?

Five things to know about Botox

Botox can change the way of your smile

A smile can turn you into a different person and cause people to be more open for interactions. But sometimes your smile can show too much, including your gums, making you self-conscious. There are some botox treatments for this gummy smile that will allow you to show your full smile without worries.

Do you want a heart-shaped face?

The heart-shaped face is considered one of the most feminine looks.  But every person has a different face shape, and if you possess a strong jawline that gives you a masculine touch, with a couple of botox sessions, your jawline can slim down to show a softer look on your face and even a heart-shaped one!

Botox helps with the muscles longevity

Muscles need exercises to be healthy and in good condition. However,  minor muscles like the ones on the face are highly used with every expression you make, and that is one of the main causes of wrinkles. When treatments are implemented regularly, the time between each session will be longer, and the face will have a more relaxed look. Just remember to never go under treatment if the mandatory period of rest hasn’t finished.

Problems with sweating? Botox will solve them!

There is a condition known as hyperhidrosis that causes excessive sweating, and it can be an awkward situation because the sweat can present in different parts of your body accompanied with bad odor, besides being embarrassing. Botox is an effective way to reduce the amount of sweating by injecting the solution right on the affected area; usually, this is localized under the arms. You may need several sessions distributed throughout the year to reduce the condition.

Botox and migraines

Nowadays, it’s starting to be used to dull the pain associated with migraines, and even to prevent the beginning of one. This condition can affect any individual in different ways, it will depend on several factors, but it normally can cause a hard pain and change the general development of the daily activities because of the constant pulse on the brain. Botox is gaining fame as a way to control this condition.

Botox can be used in many different ways, not just for the beauty aspect. Many conditions associated with skin and others are being treated with this solution. Find the best professionals in town and check all the information that they provide before going under treatment, remember that every organism is different and you can react in unknown ways to it.

Is Botox good or bad for skin?
Always remember to go with a professional for your treatment.

Instagram: @Dbeautyclick

Twitter: @Dbeautyclick

Facebook: Dora Salazar

Woman showing how to keep skin looking young and healthy

You may be surprised to know that all skin types need the same essentials.

That’s right. Even with great genetics on your side, the skin becomes the result of lifestyle and good care.  And when followed regularly, a good skincare routine will Keep your skin looking young and healthy. So, what are the steps considered the golden rules for optimum skin care?

Either you are dry, oily, combination, normal etc. no matter what skin type you have, these fundamental steps are necessary to achieve a more youthful complexion.







But let’s get to the heart of each of them to define their purpose and the benefits that they provide for the skin.



A woman cleansing her face a gloden rule in skin care

Finding the right cleanser is more important than you think but it can be a very difficult task.

The ideal cleanser helps remove oil, grime and makeup without causing excessive dryness or leaving the skin feeling greasy or sticky. It helps your face recover a more invigorated appearance and prepares it for the next steps of your skin regimen. But how to choose the correct one when they come in all shapes and forms; from creams and oils to soap bars and pads.

—Well, as you can see — this is not a one fits all kind of product.

But here are some good tips to sort out among the crowded options and select one that can benefit your skin.

  • First, look for a cleanser that is formulated for your skin type.
  • Preferably, select sulfate-free cleansers, specially sodium lauryl sulfate.

It is a harsh surfactant that strips the skin of essential lipids leaving it dry and dehydrated.

  • Avoid fragrances including some essential oils, drying alcohols, and mineral oil. These can have negative effects acting as skin sensitizers causing irritation, clogging pores and other problems.

Keep in mind that unless there is a special situation, there is no need to cleanse your skin more than twice a day. Over cleansing the skin can provoke more problems like exacerbating oil production in oily skin or producing flakiness or dry patches on dry skin.

Let’s now talk about exfoliation.

Exfoliating the skin is a must do step when you are looking for radiant skin.  It removes dead skin cells allowing better absorption and efficacy of your skin care. Also encourages the exposure of new cells which perform better and look healthier giving your skin a more youthful glow.

However, it is a skin care step that must be looked at carefully.

The skin contains a protective barrier that serves as a shield to guard it from harmful chemicals, bacteria, environmental factors and to maintain healthy levels of moisture and hydration.

Over-exfoliating the skin can cause many problems, including:

-Skin Sensitivities



-Distended blood vessels

-Over production of sebum (Skin natural oils)


-Excessive Dryness

How often to exfoliate the skin, depends on your skin type. Oily and combination skin do well at exfoliating more often like three or even 4 times a week in some cases. While dry and sensitive skin types do better with just once or twice a week.


Toners have been considered a staple step in the skincare routine. They were created mainly to finish removing the residue that cleansers used to leave behind on the skin and to re-balance the skin’s pH because cleansers originally were very harsh and some, too heavy and greasy. But since cleansers have come a long way and do a better job at cleansing the skin and many more are found nowadays with a balanced pH; this step is considered many times: optional.

However, I find it to have many skin benefits when you choose the correct one.

Water is a great way to increase penetration and absorption of other ingredients, so toning the skin will better the performance of your other skincare products. However, avoid using toners that contain drying alcohols even when you have acne-prone skin. Those will only cause more harm than good to the skin.

Instead choose toners containing good ingredients. Take advantage of this step in your routine to introduce specific ingredients and target skin issues such as acne, hyperpigmentation, dull skin, sensitive, or dry skin etc.

Here are some examples of well-known ingredients you want to look for in toners, according to the skin concern:

Skin Dullness: Vitamin C, lactic acid, glycolic acid

Hyperpigmentation: Vitamin C, kojic acid, lactic acid, glycolic acid, mandelic acid

Sensitive skin, Rosacea: aloe, allantoin, rose, calendula, chamomile, comfrey, green tea

Acne: Salicylic acid is best. Glycolic also helps. A combination of both is optimum.

Dry skin: Sodium PCA, Panthenol, aloe, rose, marshmallow, vitamin E


Stimulation is a golden rule of skin care

If there is a word that describes keeping your skin looking young is this one.

As we age, the skin becomes sluggish and its normal renewal processes slows down considerably. So, stimulating in different ways for example: a facial massage or utilizing technology like LED, Micro-current, rollers etc, increases circulation promoting better oxygenation and nourishment of the tissues and helping to remove toxins. Overall it makes the skin work more efficiently. It’s like a work out to keep it fit and healthy.


 Good skincare with selected ingredients can transform the skin.

A woman applying zkin fix anti-aging serum

In this step, it is important to give the skin all the nutrients that it needs to fight daily challenges and to treat and repair cell damage.

Nourishment can be found in many forms in skincare products.

The common purpose of moisturizers is to hydrate the skin. Hydration is an important element in all skin types and you can provide it to the skin by means of creams, lotions, gels or serums, according to your skin type.

Be aware to find a moisturizer that is compatible with your skin type. Avoid using heavy creams if you have acne prone skin. And if you have dry skin, stay away from products containing drying alcohols or other drying ingredients that can aggravate dehydration.

If you are looking to correct a skin issue, intense nourishment or the most effective way to keep your skin looking young, serums are the way to go, they give you an in-depth form of treatment to achieve more accurate results. They are concentrated formulations aimed to target specific skin concerns such as: anti-aging, acne, rosacea, hyperpigmentation, flaccid skin, dehydration, dull skin etc.

The main purpose of serums is to deliver active ingredients deep into the skin. They have great absorption power providing fast results, which is why they are a fantastic addition to any anti-aging or corrective skincare routine.


sun protection a golden rule in skin care

None of the above will make sense if you don’t protect your skin with a good SPF. The sun damages skin cells and speeds up the signs of aging like uneven pigmentation, poor elasticity, distended capillaries and lines and wrinkles needless to say the high risk of skin cancer.

Use a well formulated sunscreen daily rain or shine. This step will help you protect the skin and prevent future damage.


***ALWAYS CONSIDER that everyone’s skin is unique and the skin changes constantly, so changes in the skincare routine should also made as the skin shows different needs.

Thank you very much for being here,

Until next time.

Dora Salazar

Medical Aesthetician

Founder of Zkin Fix Skincare


Aging Process of the face

The world is fascinated and obsessed with staying young.  Thus, the immense amount of options and solutions promising eternal youth.

However, the most crucial information is lost within the desire of getting miraculous results or behind the next best skincare ingredient..  “THE AGING PROCESS” itself.

This series of articles about “The Aging Process of the SKIN” was inspired to me by the following quote :


                             Stanislaw Lec

When I read it; I realized that my 22 years of experience in aesthetics and beauty had never been so perfectly described in one phrase.

Do we understand what happens to our body as we get older? How hormones, genetics and environmental factors affect the way we age?

Each decade is challenged by diverse changes in intrinsic (internal) aging represented by pre-determined physiological and genetic factors and extrinsic (external) aging influenced by the environment, nutrition, lifestyle etc. which can be managed and determined by the individual.

Once we understand the challenges that our body faces in each stage, it is easier and wiser to find solutions that are more assertive.



The SKIN in the 20’s

In the 20’s the skin’s integral structure is strong and full of vitality.

The epidermis (outer skin layer)  provides a strong protective film and balanced moisture, with a normal cell turnover of dead skin cells, showing new cells constantly, while the dermis (inner skin layer) is nourished by a healthy vascular flow, full of nutrients and high levels of oxygen, providing a youthful radiance.

High levels of estrogen maintain the skin texture soft and pliable making it more resilient and resistant to lines & wrinkles.

Abundant content of hyaluronic acid and proteins such as collagen and elastin cushion the skin with the precise padding to provide the perfect support and contours , thus the well-known “inverted triangle” associated with youth.. high full cheeks with a slim and well-defined jaw line..

Although the ideal conditions are physiologically present to look young and beautiful, this is the decade where lifestyle factors will influence significantly in the future.

Smoking, drinking, poor sleeping habits, bad nutrition and sun exposure are detrimental to the skin and eventually will show the result of the abuse. At this time is very smart to start a basic skincare regimen and to create great skin care habits.

Example of a basic Skincare Regimen

The skincare is determined by the skin condition

  • A mild cleanser (avoid the ones containing sodium lauryl sulfate, over dries the skin)
  • A good antioxidant serum and/or light moisturizer
  •  A well-formulated sunscreen     

          These 3 steps will become your best friends.

  • **If under eye bags or circles are starting to show, this would be a good time to introduce also an eye product.  Look for ingredients such as helichrysum , arnica, vitamin K, Ecsin, peptides, vitamin C etc..

by increasing micro-circulation undereye bags and dark circles are improved.


If acne is a problem, some of the best known ingredients to help acne are:

Salicylic acid, azelaic acid, glycolic acid, retinoic acid, benzoyl peroxide, Sulphur, tea tree oil, green tea among many others.. Some of these ingredients exfoliate deeply and can cause dryness if not used properly.

Take into consideration that acne is a chronic condition and it needs daily care to see improvement, also because the ingredients can be drying, it is recommended to look for the guidance of a professional to recommend the best regimen in order to get better results and avoid unwanted effects.

For more acne tips and solutions  take a look a this article 

Professional skin treatments to improve acne

Skin Therapies:

  • Oxygen facials ( improve acne minimizing colonization of bacteria) –
  • Microdermabrasion- dermal infusion (exfoliation and nourishment) –
  • Collagen Induction Therapy (acne scarring)
  • Acne Facials –
  • LED Light Therapy ( to increase cellular energy, reduce inflammation and halter the growth of bacteria) –
  • Pore Cleansing Facials

Clinical Therapies:

Laser Technology and IPL  (Intense Pulse Light) can help improve active acne and  post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (residual pigment from acne lesions) and acne scarring.

*Always looks for a professional to get these treatments.

*Conjunctive dermatological therapies are recommended, especially in cases of inflammatory acne to get the acne under control and avoid further tissue damage.




The SKIN in the 30’s

In the 30’s the skin’s structural changes begin to happen.

The natural padding that used to hold the skin firm and tight starts to shift creating shadows.

Estrogen levels start to fluctuate more drastically making the skin thinner and less pliable, therefore more prone to showing  lines & wrinkles and causing sometimes a predominance in testosterone levels which can manifest in acne. This is why we see many cases of adult acne. People that never had a problem, all of a sudden develop acne in their 30’s or older.

Cell renewal cycles begin to slow down, causing the skin to loose radiance while, solar damage and hormonal changes start to become apparent in uneven pigmentation.

By losing padding in areas like the cheeks (malar) and other medial regions of the face; folds and lines become more accentuated around the mouth (nasolabial) and the eyes (periorbital), creating crow’s feet  and laugh lines.

This is the decade where the skin needs to be taken seriously. No cheating allowed… everything we do during this time will affect the aging process of the skin later.

What to do to maintain your skin looking  healthy and youthful.

Anti-aging ingredients should be used regularly to treat and prevent further tissue deterioration.

Great ingredients to introduce at this time are:

  • Line-Relaxing Peptides
  • vitamin C & E
  • retinoids
  • hyaluronic acid
  • A good sunscreen used daily even if the day is overcasted
  • Skin brighteners such as arbutin, kojic acid, licorice, lightening peptides if hyperpigmentation is a concern.

***An eye product is highly recommended containing retinol, peptides and other anti-wrinkle and collagen stimulating ingredients to fight crow’s feet and loose skin around the eyes.

If acne is a problem, some of the best known ingredients to help acne are:

Salicylic acid, azelaic acid, glycolic acid, retinoic acid, benzoyl peroxide, Sulphur, tea tree oil, green tea.

Take into consideration that adult acne tend to be inflammatory and is closely related to hormonal unbalances, it is still considered a chronic condition and needs daily care to get improvement and maintain clear skin. Also because the ingredients can be drying, it is recommended to look for a professional to guide you on the best regimen according to your individual case in order to get better results and avoid unwanted effects.

At this age, regular professional skin treatments would be a great addition because they can help to exfoliate  more deeply, stimulate and nourish the skin  providing it with optimum nutrients and increasing cellular energy that the skin will use to maintain its normal functioning.

Professional skin treatments that offer solutions:

Skin Therapies:

  • Oxygen facials ( have a brightening and refreshing effect) –
  • Microdermabrasion- dermal infusion (exfoliation and nourishment) –
  • Collagen Induction Therapy (micro-needling)-
  • Micro-Current ( for muscle tone)-
  • LED Light Therapy ( to increase cellular energy and rejuvenation)
  • Chemical Peels

Clinical Therapies:

  • IPL (Intense Pulse Light) works great on sun spots-
  • Fractionated Laser Technology (for overall rejuvenation, lines & wrinkles, skin texture, hyperpigmentation) –

Cosmetic Options:

  • Botox (lines & wrinkles)-
  • Fillers (to restore volume and symmetry) for example in the following areas: a)nasolabial folds b) tear through (to correct tired- looking eyes) – cheek augmentation ( to restore volume in the upper face)
  • PRP (Plateles Rich Plasma injections) Rich in Growth Factors from your own blood, help repair tissues providing overall rejuvenation



How the skin ages in the 30's


The SKIN in the 40’s

The forties is a beautiful decade because you know who you are and what you want.

But that also makes you realize that if you want to maintain your skin looking youthful you must live a healthy lifestyle. it’s not a choice anymore and you won’t have to wait a decade to see the effects of what you do.

The 40’s present more significant changes in shape and overall structure of the face.

Lower levels of estrogen affect hard and soft tissue. Density is lost not only from adipose (fat) tissue but also from loss in bone and muscle mass, making the face look more “bony”.  The cheek pads are shifted making the nasolabial folds more pronounced and a less defined jaw line. Most people complain at this age of looking tired all the time.

The dermis (inner skin layer) where the collagen forms, looses vascular irrigation and vitality. Cellular exchange and communication is not as efficient causing DNA alterations and malfunctioning of damaged cells and tissues.

Collagen deteriorates and elastic fibers lose their ability to bounce back into place. In the surface (the epidermis), the skin cannot longer hold high levels of moisture, causing textural changes and dryness.

It is in this decade that you can see the results of everything you have been doing for years. Good and bad..

Some of those changes are inevitable because they are part as I said previously, of the chronological aging process, but many of those signs can be less apparent if the person has been taking good care of the skin and has had a healthy lifestyle.

At this age, regular professional skin treatments should be part of your MAINTENANCE PROGRAM because the skin needs STIMULATION to speed up cell turn over and improve collagen production so that it can continue to perform its normal functioning at its fullest potential.

Great ingredients to use in your skin regimen:

  • Vitamin C & E
  • Stem cells
  • retinoids
  • Hyaluronic acid
  • Lipids and ceramides
  • Peptides
  • Niacinamide
  • Hydrolyzed Collagen
  • Exfoliating acids such as glycolic (best for people with more resilient skin or more pronounced sun damage) Lactic acid ( best for sensitive skin and dry skin)



  • Resveratrol
  • Glutathione
  • Alpha lipoic acid
  • Cruciferous  are great to help with estrogen balance some of them are: arugula, bok choy, broccoli, brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower and collard greens.
  • Seeds like: flaxseed, sunflower, sesame and pumpkin
  • Vitamin C
  • Vitamin D
  • Vitamin B Complex ( helps to balance hormones, provides energy and fights high levels of stress)
  • Collagen Peptides


Daily use of sunscreen is a must!

The skin tends not to tan evenly anymore, instead uneven pigmentation (dyschromias) appear.

Non- surgical Professional skin treatments that offer solutions:

Skin Therapies:

  • Oxygen facials ( have a brightening and refreshing effect) –
  • Microdermabrasion- dermal infusion (exfoliation and nourishment) –
  • Collagen Induction Therapy (micro-needling)-
  • Micro-Current ( for muscle tone)-
  • LED Light Therapy ( to increase cellular energy and rejuvenation)
  • Chemical peels

Clinical Therapies:

  •  Radio Frequency and Ultrasound Technology (Skin Firming) –
  • IPL (Intense Pulse Light) works great on sun spots-
  • Laser Technology (for overall rejuvenation, lines & wrinkles, skin texture, hyperpigmentation) – vascular distention (broken capillaries)

Cosmetic Options :

  • Botox (lines & wrinkles)-
  • Fillers (to restore volume and symmetry) nasolabial folds- jawline- marionette lines- tear through – cheek augmentation

RESTORING THE VOLUME LOST ON THE CHEEKS AND AROUND THE EYES, GIVES AN IMMEDIATE REFRESHING EFFECT. Always look for a qualified and experienced physician to perform all cosmetic procedures, that way you can get the best results.

  • PRP (Plateles Rich Plasma injections) Rich in Growth Factors from your own blood, help to create and repair tissue providing overall rejuvenation




How the skin ages in the 40's


The SKIN in the 50’s & Beyond

Major changes happen to the body at this time.

Menopause has a dramatic effect on the skin.

The rapid decrease in estrogen levels causes the skin to become thinner and less elastic; showing blood vessels and bruising easily. Volume loss around the eyes creates a hollow appearance giving the aspect of being tired.

Essential components of the protective lipidic film of the epidermis (outer skin layer) are affected resulting in sensitivities and sometimes allergic reactions to ingredients and things that had no adverse effect before. The skin loses the ability to retain optimum moisture levels, resulting in dryness and a rougher texture. Cellular repairing becomes more challenged.

Collagen turns more rigid while elastic bands that have lost resiliency creating deeper folds around the mouth and jawline, losing its definition.

Uneven pigmentation and skin irregularities are more noticeable.

A healthy life style is the best defense against aging and at this time is more important than ever.

We all have heard the expression “use it or lose it” well, it’s very true. Exercising regularly and being active physically and mentally can help maintain flexibility and mental performance along with many other benefits for our overall health.  Selecting nutritious foods to nourish the body with powerful vitamins and antioxidants will serve as the first line of defense against free radical damage. Practicing any activity that helps to alleviate stress levels will do wonders for our general well-being.

Be diligent  about the use of a corrective skin care regimen with active ingredients; serums are fantastic because they are normally formulated with higher percentages of active ingredients.  Most people think just about using a moisturizer, that is great but  you are missing out on layering other active ingredients that can help in the correction of certain skin concerns.


Great ingredients to use in your skin regimen are:

  • Vitamin C & E
  • Stem cells
  • Retinoids
  • hyaluronic acid
  • lipids and ceramides
  • Hydrolyzed Collagen
  • Peptides
  • Niacinamide
  • Biotin
  • Skin brighteners such as arbutin, kojic acid, licorice, lightening peptides if hyperpigmentation is a concern.
  • Exfoliating acids such as glycolic (best for people with more resilient skin or more pronounced sun damage) Lactic acid ( best for sensitive skin and dry skin)

*Sunscreen should complete your morning regimen daily!


  • Resveratrol
  • Glutathione
  • Alpha lipoic acid
  • Cruciferous  are great to help with estrogen balance some of them are: arugula, bok choy, broccoli, brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower and collard greens.
  • Seeds like: flaxseed, sunflower, sesame and pumpkin
  • Vitamin C
  • Vitamin D
  • Vitamin B Complex ( helps to balance hormones, provides energy and fights high levels of stress)
  • Collagen Peptides
  • Calcium

Non- surgical Professional Skin Treatments that offer solutions:

Skin Therapies:

  • Oxygen facials( have a brightening and refreshing effect) –
  • Microdermabrasion- dermal infusion (exfoliation and nourishment) –
  • Collagen Induction Therapy (micro-needling)-
  • Micro-Current ( for muscle tone)-
  • LED Light Therapy ( to increase cellular energy and rejuvenation)
  • Chemical Peels

Clinical Therapies:

  • Radio Frequency  and ultrasound technology (Skin Firming) –
  • IPL (Intense Pulse Light) works great on sun spots-
  •  Laser Technology (for overall rejuvenation, lines & wrinkles, skin texture, hyperpigmentation) –

Cosmetic :

  • Botox (lines & wrinkles)-
  • Fillers (to restore volume and symmetry) nasolabial folds- jawline- marionette lines- tear through – cheek augmentation
  • PRP (Plateles Rich Plasma injections) Rich in Growth Factors extracted from your own blood, helps to repair tissues at a cellular level providing overall rejuvenation




How the skin ages in the 50's______________________________________________________________________________

Thank you very much for being here.

Until next time,

Dora Salazar

Medical Aesthetician

Founder of Zkin Fix Skincare

Let’s stay in touch! Subscribe to my blog to recieve all the updates on beauty , skin care and wellness.

Retinoids are they good or bad

Many people live in a continuous love-hate relationship with retinoids.

They like its effects on the skin, especially long-term benefits but dislike the side effects that often come with its usage: irritation, redness, inflammation, peeling etc., especially at the beginning when the skin is acclimating to it.

However, it is an ingredient that has substantial scientific research to sustain claims of improving the overall physiology of the skin with a history that dates from the 1950’s initially acclaimed for the phenomenal effect that it had on acne patients.

Later, in the 1980’s it was revealed as the new gold standard for anti-aging for its capacity to work at a cellular level to improve skin functions and self-repairing abilities, improving lines and wrinkles and refining the skin texture for a more youthful appearance.

It is very important to first understand the different categories available in the market:

Retinoids are vitamin A compounds and derivatives of natural and synthetic origen and within them there are two main categories.

Prescription strength (retinoic acid, tretinoin, available in cream and gel formulations) and OTC formulas containing (retinol and various types of retinol derivatives often described as: Retinyl Acetate, Retinyl Linoleate, Retinyl Palmitate and Retinyl Proprionate; regularly found in many cosmetic products).

The two categories are often alleged to be similar, but the main difference is that retinol is eventually converted into retinoic acid. The skin uses vitamin A as retinoic acid, so the prescription strength formulas are readily available to be used by the skin.

On the other hand, Retinol is considered gentler on the skin but it takes longer time to reach the results of the prescription counterpart, since the skin has to convert it into retinoic acid, although it is still very effective if patience is not an issue to you.

Without further due, let’s take a closer look to some of the almost magical attributes of retinoids?

  • Encourages skin cell regeneration. This is a strong characteristic because it maintains skin normal functioning, thus preserving a more youthful performance.
  • Improves and supports normal skin tone helping to lighten hyperpigmentation from sun damage, post inflammatory and hormonal induced like melasma.
  • Stimulates the production of collagen and elastin
  • Minimizes the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles
  • With newer cells exposed and increased collagen and elastin production as well as hydration levels, the skin looks smoother and the appearance of pores is also improved.
  • Reduces and prevents the formation of blackheads, whiteheads (millias) and overall pore congestion.
  • Balances sebum production (skin natural humectant).


But just like everything else in life..

Things are not all white or all black. Retinoids also have their dark side and must be used with care to achieve  full benefits without causing any harm to the skin.

Here are some recommendations and important factors to consider to get the best use and results from retinoids:

  • It is not an ingredient that should be used if you are trying to become pregnant, if you are pregnant or if you are breastfeeding, in high doses it has been associated with birth defects.
  • A slow approach is better; this allows the skin to acclimate to it and minimize side effects, such as those mentioned earlier.
  • A small amount is enough to do the trick. A safer way to start is by using it every third night for a week or two, than every other night for a week and eventually every night or according to your physician recommendations. The ingredient is so effective that even when you use it a few times a week, you will still see results.
  • Apply it when the skin is fully dry to minimize risk of irritation
  • Keep it in a dark place to avoid the product from oxidizing and losing effect.
  • Do not mix with any exfoliating acids or other types of exfoliation. With that, I mean from products and also waxing, threading, sugaring, skin treatments like chemical peels or microdermabrasion etc. And if you still want to take a chance to do it, please go to a professional and let them know that you are using Retin-A. The skin will literally peel off and can leave a scar or result in post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. If you are having a treatment done it is regularly recommended to suspend the use of Retin-A at least 4 to 7 days prior to the procedure depending on the treatment to avoid negative side effects.
  • Retinoic acid has also proven to improve the appearance of stretch marks, especially when they are in the initial state ( reddish color).


The standard recommendation of use for Retin-A is during your night time skincare routine. If you have dry skin, a good tip is to wait 20 minutes after the Retin-A application and apply a simple hydrating moisturizer, this will prevent excessive dryness.

Since the skin can become more sensitive and drier, I suggest that you include in your skincare routine other products containing ingredients to fortify your lipid barrier and increase hydration.

Some great options are: hyaluronic acid, panthenol, ceramides, lipids, niacinamide. Anti-inflammatory ingredients are also great to minimize redness and irritation, like: aloe, allantoin and bisabolol.


Because your skin becomes more sensitive to the sun when using retinoids, using a good formulated SUNSCREEN daily is crucial to prevent sun damage and to protect your new skin.


I like retinoids, the history is there. We know they work. I have been using them on and off for a long time and I find that it is an ingredient that if used with care you can get fantastic benefits from it.

In my case, I don’t mind being patient and for the sake of my skin, being so sensitive, I prefer to use retinol. I have tried Retin-A many times, but it has been too harsh for me, even the time- released formulations. My skin has its moments, and I normally must suspend its use when my skin begins to act up. 

I personally cannot tolerate it more than two to three times a week, but that is the perfect dosage for my skin. I see the difference and my skin does not become an angry mess. Your skin will be the judge as to how often is your magic formula.

If retinoids are in your list of favorite ingredients, I suggest you start using it at a lower strength and grow into a higher percentage considering your skin reactions, that will guide you to reach an adequate dosage and optimum result. Take into consideration though, that you must be persistent to achieve those results, using it sparingly just a few times a month is not enough to make a big difference.

Also, don’t feel discourage if you are not a retinoid person. There are many people that have tried it over and over and it simply is too aggressive for them to tolerate.

There are other options now in skincare far less invasive and with no side effects, like peptides or stem cells that work through cellular communication to encourage the skin to respond to specific functions like: collagen stimulation, improving lines and wrinkles, cell repair, skin firming etc. without inducing negative reactions or making the skin sensitive to the sun. That’s why I included them in Zkin Fix Age Reversal Serum. I find them to be very effective and safe with no risks or side effects involved.

I believe that it is not about using everything or every trend that comes out there. As a matter of fact, I think that well chosen ingredients do much more than too many ingredients which at the end, there is a big chance that are fillers and irritants that won’t do much to improve the skin.

Let your skin decide.

After all, your skin care is a journey of discovery. Experiment with care and enjoy all the steps.

Thank you very much for being here.

Until next time,

Dora Salazar

Medical Aesthetician

Founder of Zkin Fix Skincare



Woman over 40 beauty tips


One amazing thing happens as we grow in age…

I can say this with strong confidence at 47 — priorities change and we can see with great clarity that we are the most beautiful when we accept and love the uniqueness of being ourselves, imperfections and all…

Now, it is also true that right before our eyes things start to change and when it comes to our beauty routine some adjustments must be made.  At this time the most assertive phrase would be :


I am sure that most women would agree that their objective is to look fresh and feminine in an effortless way. And yes, my friend that is all possible when you know a few secrets that can work wonders to save time and give you a flawless look.


There is nothing that adds more years to your face than dehydrated skin, it marks all the fine lines and creates shadows making you look older, so before you apply your makeup make sure you use a good moisturizer or serum  to plump up the skin. A good trick is to apply it when the skin is still a little damp.


Exfoliating at least once or twice a week to get rid of dead skin cells not only helps your skin look more radiant but betters the performance of your products and makes the skin smoother so the makeup looks silkier.


Either you want to use a foundation or a tinted moisturizer (which you can create your own by mixing a few drops of your foundation with your moisturizer) applying it with a damp makeup sponge will make it look more dewy, disguising imperfections and avoiding the makeup to sink into the pores.


This trick, I learned from a great makeup artist and I have been doing it ever since. It really works…If you have stopped using eyeliner because it is impossible to draw a neat line in the outer corner, fold a tissue and use the straight sharp edge pressing the tissue against your face creating a line between the outer corner of the eye and the outer end of the eyebrow, it gives you the perfect alignment to create the line and it is also very helpful for applying eye shadow, the upward angle gives the illusion of a lifting effect. Once you are done just dispose the tissue and the makeup will look nice and neat.  Use a little concealer if you need to clean it up at first but practice make masters and once you have done it a couple times you will be an expert.


Some people consider this an extra step but it is well worth the time, using a lip liner allows the lipstick to stay put longer. In addition, since it has a thicker consistency, it works as a barrier so the lipstick doesn’t bleed into the fine lines.


With age the skin loses volume and it is even more noticeable around the eye area, making you look tired. Poor circulation can cause the blood to become stagnant and it shows through creating a dark shadow commonly known as dark circles, it can also be hereditary. In the color wheel opposite colors neutralize each other, and orange neutralizes purple so a peach color corrector will help disguise the darkness. Once neutralized, apply your regular concealer over it… and Voila!!


Once you have applied the finishing powder which is essential to seal the makeup and make it last longer the skin can take a pasty look if went a little bit heavy with the powder. Just spray your face with a fine mist of rose water or mineral water and it makes it look more real and natural.


It is not that powder eyeshadows come with an age expiring date; I am sure that you can enjoy them both, but cream eyeshadows glide smoother and have better coverage. As the eyelid loses elasticity cream eyeshadows can be applied with more precision while powder shadows can be a little bit more challenging.


Remember highlighters bring out or emphasize the feature or the area and darker shadows recede or disguise. When choosing a highlighter I recommend the ones that have more like a pearl finish and not the ones with shimmer. The latter tend to accentuate enlarged pores and fine lines.


Apply a neutral shade angling up along the check bone until the temple to form a lifting effect and then add a rosy tone to the apple of the cheek to create a youthful effect.

And remember it’s not about doing it with perfection. It is about having fun and experimenting with colors and products and finding what works best for you and most importantly… what makes you feel BEAUTIFUL !

Thank you so much for being here

Until next time!

Dora Salazar

Medical Aesthetician/ Cosmetologist/ Electrologist C.M.E./ Massage Therapist/ Makeup Artist

Founder of Zkin Fix Skincare


Acclaimed by celebrities and beauty professionals,

Microneedling is all the rage in skincare treatments at the moment and for a good reason. It can literally transform your skin and even erase some years from your face.

But how can tiny needles help you defeat the effects of time?

One of the main causes of aging is the loss of collagen and elastin which becomes more palpable year after year, especially as the level of estrogen starts to drop more dramatically. These tiny needles create micro-channels in the skin that signal the presence of a minute injury and despite the minuscule nature of the wound it is enough to induce the production of new collagen also working as a vehicle to facilitate deeper absorption of active ingredients.

Professional in office treatments are more powerful but at home treatments are gaining popularity, even some skincare companies offer the roller as part of their daily routine. For the purpose of this article I will refer to the use of the handheld roller used at home which can also provide great results when used properly.

Either you are already a big fan of the needling or are eager to put the big hype to the test,  here are some tips that will help you take your treatment to the next level:


Removing dead skin cells before the first treatment will help you achieve more even results allowing the roller to run smoothly and avoiding tugging or pulling of the skin and also improving absorption of the nutrients. It is not necessary to do it all the time but I have found to really make a difference in the results, on the first treatment.


Keeping your keep moist with the serum while performing the rolling prevents causing more irritation and in addition, you take advantage of the momentum when the skin is more readily able to absorb the product.


There are thousands of ingredients out there that promise to improve the skin. However, the only ones that will make a difference to your skin are those that can help your personal needs.  Either you suffer from acne scars, hyperpigmentation or want to improve lines and wrinkles…the serum you select is as important as the procedure so choose a product that contains ingredients to help improve your skin concerns that way you will see faster results.


Controlled inflammation is expected in this treatment but don’t get too carried away wanting to over treat the skin. Too much inflammation increases free radical activity and guess what… it translates into… “oxidation” which in fact ages you, so as you can see.. more is not always better.

Although some manufacturer’s recommend the daily use of the roller, as a professional I prefer to  treat the skin two times maximum three times a week. Also you must consider the needles size in the roller you are using. It is not same to use a 0.25mm than a 0.50mm or a 1mm. The higher the number the more aggressive the treatment so the recovery time should be accordingly.  That way you allow the skin to replenish its protective barrier and restore its integrity avoiding negative side effects.

Also avoid other type of exfoliants  or irritating ingredients after the treatment, it will only causes excessive inflammation and sensitivity.


The following day is normal to feel the skin a little sensitive and it might even tingle a little if you exercise.  Because a natural micro-exfoliation (desquamation) occurs the skin can feel a little dry or rough. It happens in a microscopic level so you might not see the peeling but you can feel the difference in the skin texture. Stay away from heat, internal or external like direct sun, hot showers or saunas to avoid getting post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. It is crucial to maintain the skin well-hydrated at all times and to use a sunblock daily.


Although in a minute scale, this is a treatment where the skin is being pricked which makes it more vulnerable to bacteria. Make sure you wash your hands before you do the treatment (using gloves is best) and sanitize the roller every time you use it. Follow the manufacture’s cleaning instructions.  Denture cleaning tablets are recommended by many Companies. Once clean, the roller should be stored in a closed case to protect it from getting contaminated.

Like the old say says:  “no pain, no gain”… well… when it comes to beauty and anti-aging treatments most people will be willing to ignore the pain if they see the gain! So what do you think my friend?

Are you ready for a prick?

Thank you for being here.

Until next time,

Dora Salazar

Medical Aesthetician


A woman sleeping. Myths and facts about beauty sleep

There is nothing worse than someone asking you if you are tired, after you spent a whole morning in the mirror doing your hair and makeup.

And although foundation and concealer can do miracles; they can only take you so far if you are lacking good quality sleep. It will show through no matter what. 

So, if you thought that “Beauty Sleep” was just a myth; read along, I am sure that you will change your mind by the time you finish this article.

The body uses a lot of energy throughout the day to execute the different tasks starting from essential ones such as breathing, eating, walking etc. not to mention the endurance that it needs to fight the constant battle against free radicals, chemicals, and a polluted environment just to mention a few.

So why is getting 7 to 9 hours of sleep so important?

As you snooze off your body begins its repairing mode by releasing healing hormones, one very important is the growth hormone which influences cell regeneration making your skin look more rested and youthful.

Want to be a happy person?

Well, that’s another reason to get adequate sleep.

Sleep shortage increases stress levels making you more irritable and depressed. It also affects your memory, you become more lethargic and forgetful.

 It dramatically increases inflammation which can exacerbate skin conditions such as: acne, rosacea, eczema etc.. In addition, poor circulation and improper drainage of toxins have a direct effect on the skin color and tone, so it starts to look lifeless and blotchy. Lines and wrinkles as well as dark circles and puffiness around the eyes become more accentuated. 

During the day we are constantly facing aging aggressors; pollution, UV rays etc. But it is at night time that the skin uses all it forces to recover and heal itself.

Myths and facts about what to do and what to use at night time have been around for a long time.

Some experts agree that sleeping on your stomach or the sides causes wrinkles, others say that sleeping positions do not affect the way the face ages. 

As collagen becomes weaker and elastic fibers don’t have the same bouncing effect, applying constant pressure in the same area eventually can cause folds and lines.

Here are some tips to help you prevent and treat lines and wrinkles while you sleep:


I know.. it is soo hard!

I personally have tried it for years and although I have made some progress, I still turn to the side. I admire immensely a friend of mine that can sleep like a “mummy”,  she doesn’t move  one bit. I am positive that it has to do with her looking incredibly youthful at 50+.

But as the old say states: “practice make masters” so hopefully one day I will reach that goal.


If you can’t sleep on your back, the next best thing is use a silk pillowcase. The fabric is really soft and it stays smoother so it doesn’t create crinkling. Make sure you buy one that fits tight on your pillow, the tighter the better.


Exfoliating the skin once or twice a week before your  bedtime routine allows better absorption of active ingredients and removes dead skin cells forcing new cells to resurface.  A scrub works fine, but if you are looking for more dramatic results, a chemical based exfoliant would be ideal. Glycolic, lactic acid or enzymes are perfect for anti-aging purposes. You can find these in the form of toners, pads, cleansers or even overnight masks.


Hydration is key at night time. Perspiration occurs while you sleep and the skin reaches for essential components to reestablish balance and of course water is a crucial element. Ingredients such as hyaluronic acid, panthenol, sodium PCA are fantastic hydrators.


There is not a better time for deep rejuvenation than night time. It is the time the skin uses to repair the damage that occurred during the day. So why not take advantage of this process and provide the skin with corrective ingredients that will help stimulate skin cells to regenerate.

Let’s begin with retinol, one of the most researched ingredients. It speeds up cell renewal encouraging the skin to shed off dead skin cells and replace them for newer cells. One tip about using retinol: because it is a very active ingredient you must introduce it carefully.

A good rule of thumb is to start using it every third night the first week, then move to every other night and eventually if your skin tolerates it well, you can use it every night. If you get too much dryness or peeling that means you are using it too often, so go back to using it less often until you find the best frequency of use for your skin. Also, I like to use a moisturizer on top to counteract the risk of dryness and irritation.

Other fantastic ingredients are:

These work by cellular communication. Their functions are to repair, restore and stimulate the formation of new tissues to improve overall functionality of the skin’s structures. Pretty cool eh!

If you have dry skin, look for ingredients like ceramides and phospholipids they are essential to restore the skin’s protective barrier and to complete the anti-wrinkle arsenal, antioxidants of course are always helpful since the skin is in constant battle with free radicals some of the best are vitamin C, vitamin E and ferulic acid.


Not only will it help you relax and get you ready to doze off… but herbal teas contain essential elements such as:  antioxidants, vitamins, minerals  along with other properties that help rejuvenate skin cells preventing the breakdown of collagen and elastin, strengthening the immune system , reducing  inflammation and yes… fighting lines and wrinkles.

In life we tend to appreciate things more and as they become essential.

That is when we make them a priority. I hope I gave you very good reasons to make your beauty sleep a priority because it is certainly an essential to good health and beauty.

For me, specially now as I get older, a good night sleep is an extension of my beauty routine.

I feel it is as important as the skin care products I use everyday because one thing I understand very clearly :

” It is always a better day, when you had a good night SLEEP!” 

Thank you so much for being here.

Until next time,

Dora Salazar

Medical Aesthetician

Founder of Zkin Fix Skincare


The Sun Protection Factor helps to measure the performance of the sunscreen

In terms of protecting your skin from ultraviolet radiation that harms the skin causing:  sunburn, breaking down collagen and elastin, damaging healthy cells and even being able to cause skin cancer.

Assuming that the skin would burn after aprox. 20 minutes under direct sun, SPF numbers give you an  estimate time of protection  before you get sunburned.

For example, an SPF of 15 would allow you to stay under the sun 15 times longer than without sunscreen which is aprox.  5 hours of protection. It is approximate because different factors can influence the  protection accuracy, for instance: the skin type ( relates to how light or dark the skin is), location or season affecting the intensity of the sunrays, the amount of product applied and of course the quality and efficacy of the ingredients used in the sunscreen. It is very important that the formula offers a broad -spectrum protection to defend the skin from UVB and UVA rays. Some of the best known ingredients to look for are:  octylmethoxycinnamate, oxybenzone, avobenzone, MexorylTM  and titanium dioxide and/or zinc oxide.

So, as I mentioned previously, the number mainly relates to the time of protection not the protection level itself. There is actually not a great difference in protection from the different SPF numbers for example:

SPF 15 blocks 93% of UVB rays

SPF 30 blocks 97% of UVB rays

SPF 50 blocks 98% of UVB rays

Most dermatologists recommend to use an SPF of 30 or higher because although there is not a huge difference in the percentage of protection, that little difference will play to your benefit especially if your skin is more sun sensitive, have other skin issues or want to be preventive to defend your skin from the sun’s damaging rays and avoid premature aging.

It is key to note that no sunscreen can block up to 100% of UV rays; therefore, it is essential to apply it in the correct amount and to reapply regularly every 2 hours.

Another crucial fact to remember is that UVB rays are the ones that can cause sunburn, so we are normally more attentive to those because we can see the reddening of the skin. However, UVA rays are invisible to the naked eye and produce detrimental damage to the cells accelerating the aging process of the skin causing wrinkles and elasticity loss called photo-aging.

So, next time when you go shopping for a good sunscreen, consider one that suites all your needs. That way you will be safe guarding your skin from harmful sun damage.

Is the sunscreen for daily use under makeup, more like for an office setting or would it be worn to protect you from long hours of sun exposure, such as a vacation, outside work or outdoor activities?

For daily inside use, a lighter texture sunscreen would be more comfortable; especially, if makeup is going to be worn over it. Today, you can find great formulas with color that serve double purpose as makeup and sunscreen you can even find some with an SPF of 30 such as Bare Minerals Complexion Rescue or  even higher such as Shiseido Urban Environment tinted UV protector  SPF43, this one is even water-resistant… how awesome is that!!   For longer hours of sun expose though, select a higher SPF such a 50 or 50+ , a water-resistant is a smart choice for sports and outdoor activities… and always remember to reapply the product every 2 hours.

The Sun can be fun if you face it safely!!!

Until Next time…

Thanks for being here,

Dora Salazar

Paramedical Aesthetician



“We are what we eat”…

I am sure we have all heard that phrase..

and although it is true in the sense that our health is directly linked to proper nutrition, the food we consumed is absorbed and used in order of priority by our organs and tissues. Important organs such as: the heart, liver and kidneys use a great amount of the nutrients to restore and re-energize their functions. The skin as the largest organ of the body can easily get depleted of important vitamins necessary for proper regeneration and healing. That is why applying topical nutrients can help reinforce and provide the skin with crucial elements to optimize cellular metabolism and functioning.

Some of the most important nutrients used in skin cocktails are:

Glutathione- Taurine- organic silicon- DMAE- B Complex, vitamins A, E, C, hyluronic acid, Resveratrol, Oligopeptides, Alphalipoic Acid, Growth factors and many others…

It is very important to note that the vitamins for skincare need to be formulated for topical use and must count with a a small molecular structure so that they can be easily penetrated and readily absorbed by the skin, otherwise; the product would remain on the surface with no significant benefit.

A modality that is broadly used to improve penetration of the nutrients is “Electroporation Technology” which permeates the cellular membrane temporarily to allow better absorption of the actives.

Another method used by doctors to inject the actives directly into the dermal areas been treated is Meso-Therapy.

Let us not forget that still the first guard of defense for Healthy Skin is a Healthy Diet but  we can certainly see A BIG difference in  how the Skin becomes more radiant and re-energized after a good VITAMIN INFUSED SKIN TREATMENT!!!


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