DNA and telomeres

Scientists have been diligently looking for the key to unlock the mystery of the aging process.

Discoveries show that they are getting closer and one of the most important pieces of the puzzle seems to rely on the telomeres.

In 2009 scientists Elizabeth H. Blackburn, Carol W. Greider and Jack W. Szostak were honored the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2009 with the discovery of the telomeres.

telomeres and aging

How do telomeres influence the aging process?

Natural deterioration of the cells associated with the aging process occur in our DNA.

Our DNA contains the chromosomes that hold the genetic material that differentiates the distinctive characteristics of who we are.

The tips of the chromosomes are protected by caps (kind of the caps at the end of a shoelace) which protect the information in the chromosomes.

Our cells are designed to divide & replicate giving life to new cells.

It was discovered that every time the cell divides, the telomeres become shorter and less effective, thus, exposing the chromosomes to suffer injury and degeneration until the cell is not longer able to divide and it dies.

Basically the length of the telomeres represent the longevity of the cells, the longer the telomeres the more resistant to aging we are. This phenomenon may not necessarily match the person’s chronological age, since relevant elements such as lifestyle, nutrition and environmental exposure have a big influence on how telomeres behave.

Another key factor in the game is the telomerase enzyme.

It has proven to lengthen telomeres and protects them from deteriorating too fast or too early.

**However, further studies are still needed because while telomerase does lengthen telomeres, it seems to play an important role at contributing to the growth of tumors in people with cancer.

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Nevertheless, it is clear that the longer our telomeres are, the better our health and our longevity.  So let’s take a look at what we can do to support and preserve the length of the telomeres.

 

* Avoid sugary and highly-processed foods. Unhealthy snacks and foods high in fats and sugar produce a significant increase in stress hormone, cortisol leading to an inflammatory response which in turn contributes to shorter telomeres.

* Maintain a diet rich in antioxidants and essential nutrients

Oxidative stress  (when there are too many free radicals in comparison to antioxidants) shortens telomeres.

* Reduce chronic stress 

Stress is now part of our busy lives. Since we are constantly in a sympathetic mode( fight-or-flight response) our body produces extra hormones among which is cortisol. High levels of cortisol eventually induce  chronic inflammation depleting all body systems and affecting and the length of the telomeres leading to many health illnesses and accelerated aging.

* Practice Meditation 

Meditation is a wonderful practice to bring focus and tranquility to our life. Reducing stress and anxiety is essential for our health. It helps to lower levels of cortisol and other stress hormones that trigger chronic inflammation. Lower levels of stress help to lengthen the telomeres.

* Healthy Sleep. Good quality sleep  is crucial for cell repair contributing to longer telomeres.

*Curcuma ( Reduces chronic inflammation and it is a powerful antioxidant reducing oxidative stress).

*Vitamin D. A molecular connection was found recently between vitamin D and DNA restoration, an action closely involved in the maintenance of telomere length.

*Vitamin B’s . B vitamins, including vitamins B6, B12, and folate are vital influences in the breakdown of the molecules that make up DNA supporting normal cellular replication.

*Vitamins C and E Help prevent telomere shortening and enhance the integrity of older cells

*Foods rich in omega 3 A study conducted in 2010 in The Journal of the American Medical Association showed that higher the levels of omega-3 in the blood, contributed to prevent telomere shortening over 5 years.

*Astralagus Root ( used for over 2000 years in Chinese medicine because of its anti-aging benefits) it is found in  teas, extracts or tonics. It helps to stimulates the immune system and contains powerful antioxidants and flavonoids. An article written by the A & D Aging and Disease  describes: “Pharmacological research indicates that the extract component of Astragalus membranaceus can increase telomerase activity, and has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, immunoregulatory, anticancer, hypolipidemic, antihyperglycemic, hepatoprotective, expectorant, and diuretic effects.”

_____________________

Although science continues with the process of discovering all the different pathways in which telomeres influence the aging process, the already available information reveals great promises. Therefore, implementing lifestyle changes that contribute to preserve/expand the length of the telomeres to help us better our health and longevity are certainly worth a try.

______________________

Thank you for being here.

Until next time,

Dora Salazar

Medical Aesthetician

Founder of Zkin Fix Anti-aging Skincare

___________

References

https://www.ornish.com/zine/five-foods-that-protect-telomeres/

https://www.lifeextension.com/Magazine/2016/12/Research-Update/Page-01

https://www.elle.com/life-love/a43029/telomeres-and-sleep/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20085953

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5758356/

 

 

A woman showing glowing skin after taking collagen peptides

 Collagen supplements are booming claiming to give you back glowing skin and to combat aging. Are they worth a try?

Collagen is the most abundant protein in the body. It is a polypeptide containing different types of amino acids such as: glycine, proline, glutamine and arginine, it forms part of all connective tissues in the body: skin, cartilage, bone etc. It makes the skin look smooth and supple and helps to maintain its elasticity.

As we get older the production of collagen decreases causing volume loss in the skin contributing to the formation of lines and wrinkles and thinning of the skin. By the time a woman reaches menopause, she would have lost approximately 30% of the collagen.

However, not only age affects collagen production, other unhealthy lifestyle and environmental habits such as: UV light, smoking, stress, pollution and poor nutrition contribute to the declining of collagen levels too.

Because collagen plays an important role as one of the vital proteins in the aging process, its supplementation has gained high popularity in the beauty market promising glowing skin and to improve skin texture and the appearance of lines and wrinkles.

To what extent is this true?

Let’s get a little deeper.

Firstly, it is important to understand that the body does not absorb the collagen directly. It must break it down into smaller particles which then, it must convert them into biodegradable amino acids that can be used as a natural source to reinforce the body’s own collagen production.

Opinions among experts are diverse as if collagen supplements indeed help to make the skin look younger. There are no many studies that confirm their benefits and most studies are provided by the manufactures.

However, there is some evidence that suggests that taking a collagen supplement can aim your body to produce more collagen by providing essential amino acids.  Some people report seeing an improvement in the appearance of lines and wrinkles, skin elasticity and hydration. 

Results don’t occur overnight though, it can take some time of regular use to see a noticeable difference and it is necessary to continue with the supplementation to maintain the results.

Some experts debate the benefits of these supplements arguing that because collagen is a protein which needs to be broken down during digestive processes, there is very little evidence that there will be enough quantities readily available to reach the skin making a remarkable difference.

But for the little evidence that is out there, I believe that is worth at least a try if it doesn’t hurt you.

Many people for lack of time or lifestyle habits don’t follow a diet with appropiate nutrition to provide the body with what it needs to increase the production of this protein considered an essential in the search of rejuvenation, so supplementation has its place in these cases.

I am a person that has a very healthy lifestyle and yet I have noticed a difference in my skin when I have taken certain collagen supplements. Not all of them though.

Because collagen is a protein, it can be hard to digest for some people, myself included. So it is a matter of trying different ones to see which one agrees with you the most. Prices in supplements also vary extensively among the different brands and manufactures.

Some products can be very costly. Also, it’s important to understand that these supplements are not replacing the benefits of a healthy diet; seemingly, they can add health benefits not only for the skin, but for also for hair and joints and other connective tissues.  They can be used to boost the supply of essential amino acids to prompt your body to produce more collagen.

However; if your preference is to go for the “all natural approach”, you will be glad to know that these amino acids can also be found in healthy foods.

One food that has taken great popularity recently is “bone broth”, rich in minerals and other healthy compounds including… 

— You guessed it : “collagen”.

Other vitamin that is in very high demand is vitamin C, a co-factor of collagen. The body uses vitamin C to produce collagen.

Therefore, foods like fruits and vegetables containing high amounts of vitamin C are essential to maintain healthy collagen synthesis.

Sugar, on the other hand, is detrimental for the skin because it triggers a process called “glycation” in which glucose molecules adhere to proteins such as collagen in your body forming new molecules called AGEs. These AGEs molecules degrade collagen and elastin, causing them to get rigid and lose elasticity.

A healthy diet rich in protein and nutrients continues to be the most reliable source to give the body what it needs to maintain adequate collagen production.

Collagen Boosting Foods:

  • Healthy fats
  • nuts
  • bone broth
  • fish
  • chicken
  • eggs
  • protein-rich grains
  • red and orange vegetables
  • dark greens
  • citrus
  • berries and avocados.

Practice good lifestyle habits like:

  • Adequate sleep
  • exercise
  • good hydration 
  • relaxation
  • avoid stress, smoking and alcohol, simple sugars and carbohydrates.

The great news is that we have control of how we age.

Like Janey Lee Grace said:

“Getting older is inevitable but ageing is optional!”

 

Thank you very much for being here.

Until next time,

Dora Salazar

Medical Aesthetician

Founder of Zkin Fix Skincare

 

 

Other interesting readings:

What is the Normal Aging Process of the Face & How to Stay Looking Young by Dora Salazar

Collagen Supplements For Better Skin? By Holistic guru Dr. Weil

The Truth on What Collagen Really Does for Your Skin, Hair, and Bone Health

BY ALEXA ERICKSON / Reader’s Digest

24-Week study on the use of collagen hydrolysate as a dietary supplement in athletes with activity-related joint pain.

11 Collagen Boosting Foods

Products that I have tried

Neocell Marine Collagen with hyaluronic acid & vita-mineral youth Boost

Bulletproof Collagen protein

Liquid Biocell Skin by Modere

Great Lakes Collagen Hydrolysate

 

Aging Process of the face

The world is fascinated and obsessed with staying young.  Thus, the immense amount of options and solutions promising eternal youth.

However, the most crucial information is lost within the desire of getting miraculous results or behind the next best skincare ingredient..  “THE AGING PROCESS” itself.

This series of articles about “The Aging Process of the SKIN” was inspired to me by the following quote :

“YOUTH IS A GIFT OF NATURE
 BUT  AGE IS A WORK OF ART”

                             Stanislaw Lec

When I read it; I realized that my 22 years of experience in aesthetics and beauty had never been so perfectly described in one phrase.

Do we understand what happens to our body as we get older? How hormones, genetics and environmental factors affect the way we age?

Each decade is challenged by diverse changes in intrinsic (internal) aging represented by pre-determined physiological and genetic factors and extrinsic (external) aging influenced by the environment, nutrition, lifestyle etc. which can be managed and determined by the individual.

Once we understand the challenges that our body faces in each stage, it is easier and wiser to find solutions that are more assertive.

 

 

The SKIN in the 20’s

In the 20’s the skin’s integral structure is strong and full of vitality.

The epidermis (outer skin layer)  provides a strong protective film and balanced moisture, with a normal cell turnover of dead skin cells, showing new cells constantly, while the dermis (inner skin layer) is nourished by a healthy vascular flow, full of nutrients and high levels of oxygen, providing a youthful radiance.

High levels of estrogen maintain the skin texture soft and pliable making it more resilient and resistant to lines & wrinkles.

Abundant content of hyaluronic acid and proteins such as collagen and elastin cushion the skin with the precise padding to provide the perfect support and contours , thus the well-known “inverted triangle” associated with youth.. high full cheeks with a slim and well-defined jaw line..

Although the ideal conditions are physiologically present to look young and beautiful, this is the decade where lifestyle factors will influence significantly in the future.

Smoking, drinking, poor sleeping habits, bad nutrition and sun exposure are detrimental to the skin and eventually will show the result of the abuse. At this time is very smart to start a basic skincare regimen and to create great skin care habits.

Example of a basic Skincare Regimen

The skincare is determined by the skin condition

  • A mild cleanser (avoid the ones containing sodium lauryl sulfate, over dries the skin)
  • A good antioxidant serum and/or light moisturizer
  •  A well-formulated sunscreen     

          These 3 steps will become your best friends.

  • **If under eye bags or circles are starting to show, this would be a good time to introduce also an eye product.  Look for ingredients such as helichrysum , arnica, vitamin K, Ecsin, peptides, vitamin C etc..

by increasing micro-circulation undereye bags and dark circles are improved.

 

If acne is a problem, some of the best known ingredients to help acne are:

Salicylic acid, azelaic acid, glycolic acid, retinoic acid, benzoyl peroxide, Sulphur, tea tree oil, green tea among many others.. Some of these ingredients exfoliate deeply and can cause dryness if not used properly.

Take into consideration that acne is a chronic condition and it needs daily care to see improvement, also because the ingredients can be drying, it is recommended to look for the guidance of a professional to recommend the best regimen in order to get better results and avoid unwanted effects.

For more acne tips and solutions  take a look a this article 

Professional skin treatments to improve acne

Skin Therapies:

  • Oxygen facials ( improve acne minimizing colonization of bacteria) –
  • Microdermabrasion- dermal infusion (exfoliation and nourishment) –
  • Collagen Induction Therapy (acne scarring)
  • Acne Facials –
  • LED Light Therapy ( to increase cellular energy, reduce inflammation and halter the growth of bacteria) –
  • Pore Cleansing Facials

Clinical Therapies:

Laser Technology and IPL  (Intense Pulse Light) can help improve active acne and  post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (residual pigment from acne lesions) and acne scarring.

*Always looks for a professional to get these treatments.

*Conjunctive dermatological therapies are recommended, especially in cases of inflammatory acne to get the acne under control and avoid further tissue damage.

THIS IS THE DECADE OF PREVENTION AND PROTECTION

ENJOY THE BEAUTIFUL 20’S YOUR BEAUTY IS AT ITS PEAK!!

______________________________________________________________________________

The SKIN in the 30’s

In the 30’s the skin’s structural changes begin to happen.

The natural padding that used to hold the skin firm and tight starts to shift creating shadows.

Estrogen levels start to fluctuate more drastically making the skin thinner and less pliable, therefore more prone to showing  lines & wrinkles and causing sometimes a predominance in testosterone levels which can manifest in acne. This is why we see many cases of adult acne. People that never had a problem, all of a sudden develop acne in their 30’s or older.

Cell renewal cycles begin to slow down, causing the skin to loose radiance while, solar damage and hormonal changes start to become apparent in uneven pigmentation.

By losing padding in areas like the cheeks (malar) and other medial regions of the face; folds and lines become more accentuated around the mouth (nasolabial) and the eyes (periorbital), creating crow’s feet  and laugh lines.

This is the decade where the skin needs to be taken seriously. No cheating allowed… everything we do during this time will affect the aging process of the skin later.

What to do to maintain your skin looking  healthy and youthful.

Anti-aging ingredients should be used regularly to treat and prevent further tissue deterioration.

Great ingredients to introduce at this time are:

  • Line-Relaxing Peptides
  • vitamin C & E
  • retinoids
  • hyaluronic acid
  • A good sunscreen used daily even if the day is overcasted
  • Skin brighteners such as arbutin, kojic acid, licorice, lightening peptides if hyperpigmentation is a concern.

***An eye product is highly recommended containing retinol, peptides and other anti-wrinkle and collagen stimulating ingredients to fight crow’s feet and loose skin around the eyes.

If acne is a problem, some of the best known ingredients to help acne are:

Salicylic acid, azelaic acid, glycolic acid, retinoic acid, benzoyl peroxide, Sulphur, tea tree oil, green tea.

Take into consideration that adult acne tend to be inflammatory and is closely related to hormonal unbalances, it is still considered a chronic condition and needs daily care to get improvement and maintain clear skin. Also because the ingredients can be drying, it is recommended to look for a professional to guide you on the best regimen according to your individual case in order to get better results and avoid unwanted effects.

At this age, regular professional skin treatments would be a great addition because they can help to exfoliate  more deeply, stimulate and nourish the skin  providing it with optimum nutrients and increasing cellular energy that the skin will use to maintain its normal functioning.

Professional skin treatments that offer solutions:

Skin Therapies:

  • Oxygen facials ( have a brightening and refreshing effect) –
  • Microdermabrasion- dermal infusion (exfoliation and nourishment) –
  • Collagen Induction Therapy (micro-needling)-
  • Micro-Current ( for muscle tone)-
  • LED Light Therapy ( to increase cellular energy and rejuvenation)
  • Chemical Peels

Clinical Therapies:

  • IPL (Intense Pulse Light) works great on sun spots-
  • Fractionated Laser Technology (for overall rejuvenation, lines & wrinkles, skin texture, hyperpigmentation) –

Cosmetic Options:

  • Botox (lines & wrinkles)-
  • Fillers (to restore volume and symmetry) for example in the following areas: a)nasolabial folds b) tear through (to correct tired- looking eyes) – cheek augmentation ( to restore volume in the upper face)
  • PRP (Plateles Rich Plasma injections) Rich in Growth Factors from your own blood, help repair tissues providing overall rejuvenation

THIS IS THE DECADE TO TREAT, PREVENT & PROTECT

ENJOY YOUR 30’S IT REFLECTS  BEAUTY WITH DETERMINATION!

How the skin ages in the 30's

_______________________________________________________________________________

The SKIN in the 40’s

The forties is a beautiful decade because you know who you are and what you want.

But that also makes you realize that if you want to maintain your skin looking youthful you must live a healthy lifestyle. it’s not a choice anymore and you won’t have to wait a decade to see the effects of what you do.

The 40’s present more significant changes in shape and overall structure of the face.

Lower levels of estrogen affect hard and soft tissue. Density is lost not only from adipose (fat) tissue but also from loss in bone and muscle mass, making the face look more “bony”.  The cheek pads are shifted making the nasolabial folds more pronounced and a less defined jaw line. Most people complain at this age of looking tired all the time.

The dermis (inner skin layer) where the collagen forms, looses vascular irrigation and vitality. Cellular exchange and communication is not as efficient causing DNA alterations and malfunctioning of damaged cells and tissues.

Collagen deteriorates and elastic fibers lose their ability to bounce back into place. In the surface (the epidermis), the skin cannot longer hold high levels of moisture, causing textural changes and dryness.

It is in this decade that you can see the results of everything you have been doing for years. Good and bad..

Some of those changes are inevitable because they are part as I said previously, of the chronological aging process, but many of those signs can be less apparent if the person has been taking good care of the skin and has had a healthy lifestyle.

At this age, regular professional skin treatments should be part of your MAINTENANCE PROGRAM because the skin needs STIMULATION to speed up cell turn over and improve collagen production so that it can continue to perform its normal functioning at its fullest potential.

Great ingredients to use in your skin regimen:

  • Vitamin C & E
  • Stem cells
  • retinoids
  • Hyaluronic acid
  • Lipids and ceramides
  • Peptides
  • Niacinamide
  • Hydrolyzed Collagen
  • Exfoliating acids such as glycolic (best for people with more resilient skin or more pronounced sun damage) Lactic acid ( best for sensitive skin and dry skin)

 

ANTI AGING NUTRIENTS FOUND IN FOOD OR SUPPLEMENTS TO HELP  SUPPORT THE SKIN FROM WITHIN:

  • Resveratrol
  • Glutathione
  • Alpha lipoic acid
  • Cruciferous  are great to help with estrogen balance some of them are: arugula, bok choy, broccoli, brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower and collard greens.
  • Seeds like: flaxseed, sunflower, sesame and pumpkin
  • Vitamin C
  • Vitamin D
  • Vitamin B Complex ( helps to balance hormones, provides energy and fights high levels of stress)
  • Collagen Peptides

_____________________

Daily use of sunscreen is a must!

The skin tends not to tan evenly anymore, instead uneven pigmentation (dyschromias) appear.

Non- surgical Professional skin treatments that offer solutions:

Skin Therapies:

  • Oxygen facials ( have a brightening and refreshing effect) –
  • Microdermabrasion- dermal infusion (exfoliation and nourishment) –
  • Collagen Induction Therapy (micro-needling)-
  • Micro-Current ( for muscle tone)-
  • LED Light Therapy ( to increase cellular energy and rejuvenation)
  • Chemical peels

Clinical Therapies:

  •  Radio Frequency and Ultrasound Technology (Skin Firming) –
  • IPL (Intense Pulse Light) works great on sun spots-
  • Laser Technology (for overall rejuvenation, lines & wrinkles, skin texture, hyperpigmentation) – vascular distention (broken capillaries)

Cosmetic Options :

  • Botox (lines & wrinkles)-
  • Fillers (to restore volume and symmetry) nasolabial folds- jawline- marionette lines- tear through – cheek augmentation

RESTORING THE VOLUME LOST ON THE CHEEKS AND AROUND THE EYES, GIVES AN IMMEDIATE REFRESHING EFFECT. Always look for a qualified and experienced physician to perform all cosmetic procedures, that way you can get the best results.

  • PRP (Plateles Rich Plasma injections) Rich in Growth Factors from your own blood, help to create and repair tissue providing overall rejuvenation

 

THIS IS THE DECADE TO TREAT & MAINTAIN PROACTIVELY

ENJOY THE 40′ S BECAUSE YOU ARE WISE AND FABULOUS!!

How the skin ages in the 40's

_______________________________________________________________________________

The SKIN in the 50’s & Beyond

Major changes happen to the body at this time.

Menopause has a dramatic effect on the skin.

The rapid decrease in estrogen levels causes the skin to become thinner and less elastic; showing blood vessels and bruising easily. Volume loss around the eyes creates a hollow appearance giving the aspect of being tired.

Essential components of the protective lipidic film of the epidermis (outer skin layer) are affected resulting in sensitivities and sometimes allergic reactions to ingredients and things that had no adverse effect before. The skin loses the ability to retain optimum moisture levels, resulting in dryness and a rougher texture. Cellular repairing becomes more challenged.

Collagen turns more rigid while elastic bands that have lost resiliency creating deeper folds around the mouth and jawline, losing its definition.

Uneven pigmentation and skin irregularities are more noticeable.

A healthy life style is the best defense against aging and at this time is more important than ever.

We all have heard the expression “use it or lose it” well, it’s very true. Exercising regularly and being active physically and mentally can help maintain flexibility and mental performance along with many other benefits for our overall health.  Selecting nutritious foods to nourish the body with powerful vitamins and antioxidants will serve as the first line of defense against free radical damage. Practicing any activity that helps to alleviate stress levels will do wonders for our general well-being.

Be diligent  about the use of a corrective skin care regimen with active ingredients; serums are fantastic because they are normally formulated with higher percentages of active ingredients.  Most people think just about using a moisturizer, that is great but  you are missing out on layering other active ingredients that can help in the correction of certain skin concerns.

 

Great ingredients to use in your skin regimen are:

  • Vitamin C & E
  • Stem cells
  • Retinoids
  • hyaluronic acid
  • lipids and ceramides
  • Hydrolyzed Collagen
  • Peptides
  • Niacinamide
  • Biotin
  • Skin brighteners such as arbutin, kojic acid, licorice, lightening peptides if hyperpigmentation is a concern.
  • Exfoliating acids such as glycolic (best for people with more resilient skin or more pronounced sun damage) Lactic acid ( best for sensitive skin and dry skin)

*Sunscreen should complete your morning regimen daily!

ANTI AGING NUTRIENTS FOUND IN FOOD OR SUPPLEMENTS TO HELP  SUPPORT THE SKIN FROM WITHIN:

  • Resveratrol
  • Glutathione
  • Alpha lipoic acid
  • Cruciferous  are great to help with estrogen balance some of them are: arugula, bok choy, broccoli, brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower and collard greens.
  • Seeds like: flaxseed, sunflower, sesame and pumpkin
  • Vitamin C
  • Vitamin D
  • Vitamin B Complex ( helps to balance hormones, provides energy and fights high levels of stress)
  • Collagen Peptides
  • Calcium

Non- surgical Professional Skin Treatments that offer solutions:

Skin Therapies:

  • Oxygen facials( have a brightening and refreshing effect) –
  • Microdermabrasion- dermal infusion (exfoliation and nourishment) –
  • Collagen Induction Therapy (micro-needling)-
  • Micro-Current ( for muscle tone)-
  • LED Light Therapy ( to increase cellular energy and rejuvenation)
  • Chemical Peels

Clinical Therapies:

  • Radio Frequency  and ultrasound technology (Skin Firming) –
  • IPL (Intense Pulse Light) works great on sun spots-
  •  Laser Technology (for overall rejuvenation, lines & wrinkles, skin texture, hyperpigmentation) –

Cosmetic :

  • Botox (lines & wrinkles)-
  • Fillers (to restore volume and symmetry) nasolabial folds- jawline- marionette lines- tear through – cheek augmentation
  • PRP (Plateles Rich Plasma injections) Rich in Growth Factors extracted from your own blood, helps to repair tissues at a cellular level providing overall rejuvenation

 

THIS IS THE DECADE OF TREATMENT –CORRECTION & MAINTENANCE

ENJOY THE 50’S & BEYOND YOUR ABSOLUTELY AMAZING AND BEAUTIFUL!

How the skin ages in the 50's______________________________________________________________________________

Thank you very much for being here.

Until next time,

Dora Salazar

Medical Aesthetician

Founder of Zkin Fix Skincare

Let’s stay in touch! Subscribe to my blog to recieve all the updates on beauty , skin care and wellness.

A woman looking in the mirror worried about her enlarged pores

The pores that we see on the surface are actually the openings of hair follicles—

They are minute structures that the skin utilizes to release sweat and sebum (oil) produced by the sweat and sebaceous glands. In areas where there are more sebaceous glands and the production of sebum is more abundant, like the forehead and the nose, they tend to look larger.

That’s why oilier skin shows the pores more than dry skin because the pore size is closely related to the sebum production which is determined by hormonal activity. Another important cause of enlarged pores is the loss of skin density or volume. As the skin ages, the loss of collagen contributes to poor elasticity and loose skin makes the pores look more prominent.

There is not a whole lot we can do to change per say the size of the pore, but there are some things we can do to change and improve the appearance of the pores making them look more refined.

  • Exfoliating treatments such as:

microdermabrasion, chemical peels & laser; as well as home care acids like : glycolic, mandelic, salicylic, lactic etc., help remove dead skin cells making the skin and the pores look smoother. For your skincare routine, select the best exfoliating acid according to your skin type, be careful not to over use it because you can cause instead dryness and irritation.

  • Collagen stimulating ingredients and treatments like:

Retinoids, stem cells, peptides, lasers, LED therapy, microneedling etc. support collagen synthesis.

Newer cells look more plump and healthy, therefore giving the complexion a more refined appearance.

  • Active ingredients like:

a) Hyaluronic Acid a great hydrating ingredient 

b) Niacinamide which helps balance sebum production work wonderfully with other treatments to help improve the look of enlarged pores.

The key is to find what suits your skin best! remember that everyone’s skin is different and what is good for someone else might not be good for your skin.

Thank you very much for being here.

Until next time,

Dora Salazar

Medical Aesthetician

Founder of Zkin Fix Skincare

 

Woman did a facial to look fabulous fast

Outfits and accessories give you a great image, but the first thing people see is your face.

Radiant skin gives you condidence and although there is no discussion that healthy skin is the result of daily commitment and good skincare habits; there are some treatments that can give your skin a quick turn arround and provide you with fabulous results without getting into complicated procedures.

I know.. it sounds like too good and promising, but what if I told you that these facial treatments can do the trick and leave your skin looking years younger.

And the best part; they normally won’t break your bank account.

Read along to find out which of the following facial treatments will make your skin stand out from the crowd and keep people guessing on your beauty secret..

MICROCURRENT FACIAL :

This treatment works great to tone up facial muscles. It is suitable for most people; however, you will need approval from your doctor if you are pregnant, suffer from seizures or have metal implants or other electrical devices in your body.

It is a relaxing treatment and depending on the device, you can feel the current a little bit. Most people are fine with the feeling.

The benefits are many, from stimulating circulation bringing oxygen to the area providing you with a beautiful glow, to re-educating those facial muscles to stay up. It works nicely for the eye area helping to diminish the look of lines, dark circles and puffiness.

I call this treatment a work of art because you can literally sculpt someone’s face giving the appearance of a non-surgical face lift.

If you are looking for more long term results you will need a series of sessions but the result from one facial normally lasts from 2 to 4 weeks, so you have plenty of time to enjoy those results during the holidays.

OXYGEN FACIAL:

If you feel exhausted and your skin is looking it too. This treatment is a great choice.

Oxygen offers many benefits to the skin, it revitalizes and re-energizes your complexion like no other treatment, especially if you infuse it with vitamins and nutrients to bring your skin back to life.

It also brightens and tightens and gives a fresh luminous appearance.

MICRODERMABRASION:

When your skin is looking dull, uneven and you want smooth skin like a baby’s bottom.. microdermabrasion is calling for you.

Exfoliating dead skin cells from the skin surface makes your skin look more uniform and silky.

It also allows better penetration of active ingredients from your skincare so you continue to have those benefits even after the treatment.

It is important to kep in mind that although this procedure is non-invasive, new skin is exposed. New skin is more delicate and needs to be protected from the sun. Regardless of the treatment I always recommend the use of a good sunscreen daily.

Other recommendations are to stay away from heat, hot showers, steams, direct sun or harsh chemicals or ingredients that can irritate the skin.

RADIO FREQUENCY:

If your mind is set in getting a more defined jowl line and overall firmer appearance. Radio frequency gives you a quick solution and provides great stimulation for collagen renewal.

It is regularly painless. Heat is involved but many people actually find it relaxing. It works by directing heat produced by the radio waves to the deeper skin layers where the collagen forms.

When adequate temperatures are sustained for a certain amount of time, it forces the skin to produce more collagen, helping to gain back skin density (thickness) making the skin look firmer.

Like with the micro-current some conditions may require doctor’s approval and if you are looking for more dramatic results, a series of sessions are recommended. However, one treatment can give you a refreshed, firmer look for about 6 weeks.

My lovely friend..

Remember that what is most important is to select the treatment that suits your needs the best, that way you will achieve the most effective results.

 May your skin be glowy, dewy, fresh and beautiful!!

As always,

Thank you so much for being here!

Until next time,

Dora Salazar

Founder of Zkin Fix Skincare

Medical Aesthetician